Workforce analysis

Conducting a Comprehensive Workforce Analysis

How can organisations turn workforce data into a competitive advantage?

Workforce analysis is a systematic way to understand an organisation’s human resources today and in the future. It helps identify the workforce’s strengths and weaknesses, assesses employee data, and checks the ROI. These insights guide decisions on hiring, keeping, and managing staff. Through steps like supply, demand, and gap analysis, this analysis provides the information needed for effective planning. The end goal is to enhance the organisation’s performance by improving staff efficiency, filling skill gaps, and creating a better work environment.

Supply analysis looks at the current workforce, noting employee numbers, skills, and demographics. It predicts future needs and considers staff turnover. Demand analysis forecasts the type of workforce needed, considering new business activities, challenges, and market competition. Gap analysis then identifies where there might be too few or too many employees.

Beyond the numbers, workforce analysis helps find the right balance of staff costs, pinpoints skills needs, and spots training opportunities. It supports better management of talent, which leads to united teams, improved work culture, and happier employees. Techniques like trend and diagnostic analysis provide deep insights, suggesting ways forward.

Conducting a workforce analysis is crucial because it offers predictions and data-driven insights. Sharing these findings is key to inform business leaders and stakeholders for decision-making. Anticipating future skills and workforce requirements is essential for strategic planning.

For example, Experian used workforce analysis with about 200 factors, including team size and commutes. This helped them understand turnover rates better and adjust their workforce planning. They discovered larger teams had higher turnover, leading to targeted changes.

What is Workforce Analysis?

Workforce analysis is a way for organisations to use data in evaluating their employees and planning for the future. They look at how many people work for them, what these people can do, and how often they leave or get promoted. This helps them understand what they currently have.

Supply analysis lets companies understand where they stand with current employee skills and numbers. They then use this info to guess future changes. With demand analysis, firms predict what kinds of employees they’ll need. They think about new products, rivals, and the company’s direction.

Gap analysis is key for spotting differences between current staff and future needs. It shows where there are too few or too many employees. This method helps companies keep the right number of employees ready for future projects and goals.

This analysis also finds out how much money the company spends on employees and where it can improve. It tells which employees do best, which training programs work, and where more training is needed. It helps plan how much to spend on new hires and what skills are important.

By doing in-depth analysis of employees and using data wisely, companies can better manage their staff. They can find cost-friendly ways to work and help the company succeed.

Why Conduct a Workforce Analysis?

Today, businesses must be quick to adapt to stay ahead. A key step is doing a thorough workforce analysis. It gives important insights for managing talent and planning for the future. Such analysis examines how we hire, keep, and manage our staff.

By analysing our workforce, we can cut hiring costs, keep employees longer, and manage everyone better. It helps us stay efficient and ready for changes. Changes in the workforce make it crucial for companies to adapt quickly. This ensures savings, plans for future needs, and makes us more flexible.

Organisations use workforce data to plan for growth and manage staffing efficiently. It shows us where we might face staff shortages and where we need to upskill. A strong plan considers the company’s future needs and focuses on key roles.

To do a workforce analysis, we look at our current staff by their roles, departments, and other categories. We consider aspects like age to make sure we’re fair and open. We then assess our workforce’s current state and project changes. Demand analysis looks ahead to what we’ll need because of new markets or products.

Gap analysis shows us the difference between our now and our future needs. We can see where we might have too few or too many staff.

Workforce analysis insights are very valuable. They show us if we’re spending our budget wisely and hiring well. They also spotlight essential skills we need and help us avoid bias in hiring. Identifying gaps early lets us train our team effectively and plan for future leaders.

We use different types of analysis like trend and predictive analysis to understand our workforce better. Being able to explain these analyses helps leaders make smart decisions. These insights guide our strategies to prepare for the future, enhance teamwork, and make our employees happier.

Work Section: 4

Workforce analysis thoroughly examines the current labour supply and future needs of an organisation. It considers rates of resignations, retirements, and other changes. Through supply, demand, and gap analyses, it forecasts future workforce requirements precisely.

From this analysis, businesses learn which staff are most cost-effective and where there are shortages. They find out which skills are missing and see what their best employees have in common. It also evaluates which training programs are worth the investment, helping to optimise staffing costs.

By identifying crucial skills and behaviour, workforce analysis supports fair hiring. It shows what kinds of staff will be needed as the company grows. It’s key for managing talent and planning for the future. It also highlights where more training or new benchmarks are necessary.

Workforce analysis helps create strong teams and improve company culture. It makes workplaces more efficient and employees happier. By predicting future needs, businesses can prepare better for new projects.

Different analytical methods like trend and predictive analysis help make sense of workforce data. Strategic planning, looking three to five years ahead, works hand in hand with other HR efforts. This includes holding onto talent, planning for succession, and helping employees grow.

Systematic planning makes sure a company has the talent it needs, ready for the future. It addresses workforce risks on different organisational levels. By following the seven ‘rights’ of planning, companies can be thorough. They consider capabilities, numbers, structure, location, timing, costs, and risks.

The recommended planning process has six steps, beginning with understanding the current situation. It also includes recognising external pressures and internal goals. Analysing the internal talent is part of this, as well as a PESTLE analysis for a wider view. A SWOT analysis then identifies strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats for better planning.

Workforce Studies: Types and Applications

In the world of business planning, many workforce studies help match workers’ needs with company goals.

Supply analysis is key to knowing an organisation’s current workforce setup. It looks at employee numbers, skills, and backgrounds. By doing this, companies can foresee trends based on staff leaving. This helps them see if they have the skills needed or if training is necessary.

Demand analysis, however, looks to the future. It tries to figure out the needed workforce to achieve upcoming goals. This includes thinking about new products, competition, and labour market changes. With these predictions, companies can plan how to hire the right people at the right time.

Gap analysis then compares what you have to what you’ll need. It finds any skill or role mismatches. This vital step helps companies decide on training, hiring, and changing roles to fill these gaps.

Using supply, demand, and gap analyses together gives a full view of workforce situations. It solves current staff issues and gets companies ready for future changes due to the market. This way, businesses create a team that can face today’s challenges and adapt to tomorrow’s needs.

Steps in Conducting a Workforce Analysis

Starting a workforce analysis means first understanding the business’s strategic goals. It’s about knowing the main challenges. This makes sure the analysis will help the organisation reach its long-term goals.

After setting the objectives, it’s time to gather important data. This includes details about employee demographics, skills, performance, and training history. Analysing this data can lead to better decision-making.

Workforce analysis steps

Experian has used workforce planning to see what affects employee retention. Things like the size of the team, how well supervisors perform, and how far employees have to travel were all looked at. They found that bigger teams, with more than 12 people, often had more people leaving.

The results of the analysis should be shared in a way that’s easy to understand. Dashboards or reports work well for this. They help turn complex data into clear plans of action. After this, it’s crucial to come up with and apply strategies to fill any gaps found in the analysis. It’s also important to keep checking and updating the strategy to stay up to date with any changes.

Using software like Planful, Lattice, IBM Workforce Planning, and Hubstaff makes everything much easier. These programs offer sharp insights for better planning and decision-making. By following these steps carefully, organisations can make strong decisions that improve how they manage and plan their workforce.

Tools and Software for Workforce Analysis

Effective workforce analysis needs the right tools for HR to gather and analyse data. Workforce Suite, Lattice, and IBM Workfare Planning are key for accurate planning and identifying trends. With insights from WorkForce Software, organisations can make well-informed decisions by linking workforce management with business intelligence.

The WorkForce Suite lets HR teams monitor, compare, and assess employee data effectively. It offers various reporting options to meet unique business requirements. Live data feeds allow for customised, informed decisions.

People analytics is vital in understanding workforce metrics like absence and turnover rates. It helps in strategic planning. The 9-box grid method is useful for recognising talent gaps and planning developmental programs.

Platforms vary in pricing and features, suiting different business needs. Zendesk’s Tymeshift charges $15 per user/month, while monday.com starts at $0 for two users. BambooHR offers real-time tracking and bespoke reports, making workforce analysis smoother.

Automated tools like Hubstaff help manage large data sets accurately, reducing errors. They measure workforce productivity and help keep labour costs and overtime in check. By using these tools, organisations can better manage their workforce and increase employee value.

Leveraging UK Workforce Data

Organisations in the UK now see the value in using workforce data to boost their plans. Seventy percent of leaders think using data about their people is very important. This helps them understand local employment better. By looking at this data, businesses can make smarter choices in hiring, keeping, and training people. They can also match these choices with the available skills and demographic trends in the region.

It’s key to know who works for you to plan well. Tools like Tableau, Power BI, and Python turn complex HR data into clear insights. Using these insights, companies can predict and prepare for future workforce needs. This helps avoid unexpected problems by planning based on past data.

Tools like Microsoft Teams let companies see what their employees do every day. This helps companies move quickly and make smart decisions. They also use data cleaning to make sure the data they collect is accurate. Three kinds of analysis – descriptive, predictive, and prescriptive – turn HR numbers into useful information.

Surveys, reviews, and exit interviews teach companies a lot about their staff. They learn why people stay or leave and how to make everyone happier. Equiniti doubled its internal promotions in 2022 by focusing on keeping workers happy instead of replacing them. Adapting strategies to local needs is key to staying ahead in the UK market.

Employee Demographics Insights

Understanding employee demographics is key for promoting diversity at work. It helps to ensure all groups are fairly represented in an organisation. By analysing the workforce, companies get valuable insights like age, gender, and race.

Organisations look at supply analysis to know about their employees’ skills and numbers. This is important for predicting future needs based on how many might leave the company. Demand analysis then helps predict what kind of staff will be needed in the future.

Gap analysis focuses on the differences between the current and needed workforce. It shows where there are too many or not enough workers. This helps companies plan better for the future, like figuring out training or who could be the next leaders.

Learning from employee demographics helps companies tackle bias and boost worker happiness. A varied and welcoming workforce means the company follows equality rules. It also makes the workplace more innovative and competitive.

Identifying Workforce Needs

Looking into workforce needs means more than just counting people. It involves checking the current skills and identifying where we’re lacking. It also means guessing where we might have too many people or skills in the future.

A study of six Crown Research Institutes showed they’re trying to understand their team’s skills. But, about a third of their staff might retire in 10 to 15 years. This highlights the challenge of possibly losing valuable knowledge.

Skills gap

Four CRIs had trouble because their data systems were old or weak. They couldn’t properly understand or use the information they had about employees. This shows why having good systems for data and analysis is vital for figuring out training needs and spotting areas with too many workers.

Each CRI used different ways to gather crucial data, such as employee details, turnover rates, and survey results. These pieces of information are key for analysing what staff they have, what they’ll need, and where the gaps are. First, they look at the skills and types of employees they currently have. Then, they guess what they’ll need in the future, thinking about business goals and competition. Lastly, they compare these to spot shortages or overstaffing.

Understanding these workforce details helps in creating the best plan to fill skills gaps. It can lead to hiring, training, or even outsourcing. This forward-thinking keeps businesses ready and competitive as things change quickly.

Labour Analysis and Market Conditions

Understanding the labour market takes knowing wide market conditions. This means looking at economic signs, trends in industries, and job rates in areas. It helps organisations plan their staff needs accurately.

Frictional unemployment is about 3-4% of workers. It shows jobs are always changing. Unemployment follows the economy, with a delay of six to nine months. Full employment was common in the 1950s and 1960s, in places like the UK. It depends on everyone who can work, doing so.

The labour force includes all people ready to work in different sectors. Applicants are those who apply for jobs matching their skills. People selected for jobs have passed the application process.

Knowing about Labour Market Information (LMI) is key. LMI helps job hunters know what jobs are in demand. This helps them get the right skills. Salary reviews and market trends are also part of analysing the labour market. Working with management makes sure the right people are hired.

In fast-changing areas like tech, keeping up is vital for staying ahead. With proper labour market analysis, companies can deal with changes in job supply and demand well.

Workforce Strategies for Future Growth

Creating workforce strategies for future growth is key for keeping organisations agile and ready for what’s next. A strong talent management strategy, backed by solid workforce development, sets the stage for this readiness. It’s all about strategic workforce planning, which means analysing and forecasting to ensure we have the right skills in the right places.

It’s very important to match workforce planning with business goals, looking ahead three-to-five years. This means identifying key roles, focusing on important areas, and making cost-effective plans for future needs. The process involves looking at our current workforce, predicting what we’ll need later, finding gaps, and figuring out solutions to fill those gaps through pulling in top talent.

Strategic workforce planning also helps a lot with saving money. It stops us from having too many or too few staff, helping us control labour costs while reaching our goals. Also, a good talent management strategy mixes big-picture thinking, careful planning, and really understanding what our employees are capable of and what keeps them engaged. This not only boosts how we perform now but also gets us ready for future tech changes and shifts in the market.

The benefits of doing this kind of planning are huge. They include handling changes in the workforce, cutting costs, creating strong talent management programmes, and making our organisations more nimble. Keeping our workforce strategies in line with our organisational goals means we can adjust and succeed even when the market shifts. By keeping an eye on these plans and updating them when needed, we can stay ahead in workforce development and strategic planning. This sets us up for long-term growth and success.

Successful Case Studies in Workforce Analysis

Learning from successful workforce analysis outcomes offers insights into the power of HR data. Credit Suisse, for example, saved around $70 million annually by using employee churn analytics. This shows the huge benefits of predictive analytics in the workforce.

Best Buy discovered that a slight increase in engagement could boost income by over $100,000 per store annually. It proves that small improvements, driven by analysis, can have big effects on profits.

Experian used a predictive model to lower high attrition rates. Over 18 months, they reduced attrition by 2-3%, saving between $8 million and $10 million. Such success stories highlight the value of data-driven HR strategies.

IBM saw $300 million in savings over four years with workforce analytics. Their approach reduced turnover by 25% in key roles. This shows the impact of data insights on strategic planning.

Nielsen found that lateral job moves could greatly increase retention. An associate’s chance of staying went up by 48%. This led to encouraging internal moves and career growth.

In Zimbabwe, a transport company used psychometric tests to lower accident costs. Similarly, a mining company found the right staff levels for cost savings, showing a 70.34% match between employee numbers and activity.

A Dutch FMCG retailer saw a 400% ROI from its training programme in the first year. This shows the great benefits of targeted workforce development.

E.ON and Clarks shoe retailer gained important insights from their analytics. They saw how not taking holidays and increasing engagement could improve performance.

Thames Water improved their service by using the Impact 360 Workforce Management System. It increased adherence to around 97% during busy times. The Book People improved customer service by 5% and cut staff by 20% after adopting injixo WFM.

Nationwide Direct’s staff were happier, more committed, and better at communicating after improvements. Ingenico managed to reduce overtime costs by 25%, hit over 80% service levels, and cut resourcing time by 87%. This shows gains in productivity and customer service.

These success stories across various sectors demonstrate how HR data insights can lead to major operational benefits, savings, and better satisfaction for employees and customers.


In conclusion, workforce analysis is key for businesses aiming for long-term success and growth. It helps cut down recruitment expenses and enhances employee retention and management. By focusing on the recruitment, keeping staff, and planning for the future, companies keep their essential skills and stay flexible.

Workforce analysis includes a few important steps. Firstly, supply analysis looks at the number of employees, their skills, and backgrounds, and predicts changes due to staff leaving. Secondly, demand analysis estimates the need for new staff because of new products, competition, and changes in the market. Lastly, gap analysis compares supply and demand to spot any shortages. Together, these steps help companies understand their staffing potential, how profitable their workforce is, and predict future challenges.

Adopting a strategic and data-focused HR approach is vital in managing workforce changes while also reducing costs. This approach helps find important skills for success and boosts employee efficiency and happiness. With the use of workforce analytics, businesses can align their long-term strategies with their overall goals. This makes sure they are ready for any workforce issues that may arise in the future. By putting in place strong workforce strategies, companies are well-equipped to change and prosper in the constantly changing market.

Written by
Scott Dylan
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Scott Dylan

Scott Dylan

Scott Dylan

Scott Dylan is the Co-founder of Inc & Co, a seasoned entrepreneur, investor, and business strategist renowned for his adeptness in turning around struggling companies and driving sustainable growth.

As the Co-Founder of Inc & Co, Scott has been instrumental in the acquisition and revitalization of various businesses across multiple industries, from digital marketing to logistics and retail. With a robust background that includes a mix of creative pursuits and legal studies, Scott brings a unique blend of creativity and strategic rigor to his ventures. Beyond his professional endeavors, he is deeply committed to philanthropy, with a special focus on mental health initiatives and community welfare.

Scott's insights and experiences inform his writings, which aim to inspire and guide other entrepreneurs and business leaders. His blog serves as a platform for sharing his expert strategies, lessons learned, and the latest trends affecting the business world.


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